What Is Edge Computing? Understand Everything About This New Technology
Edge computing is an open distributed computing architecture with distributed processing power for mobile computing and Internet of Things (IoT) technology deployment. Instead of being sent to the data center, the device itself or the local computer or server processes the data.
Why Edge Computing?
Edge computing enables faster data flow or real-time data processing without delay. This allows smart apps and devices to respond to data as soon as they are created, eliminating delays. This is an essential asset of technology like driverless cars, but it’s also a source of equally significant benefits for businesses.
Edge computing allows you to process large amounts of data near the source, resulting in efficient data processing, reducing internet bandwidth usage. This saves money and allows you to efficiently use the application in an isolated location. Additionally, the ability to process data without storing it in the public cloud adds a useful layer of security for sensitive data.
The potential benefits of edge computing
Minimum waiting time: Today, the issue with cloud providers is that they are unreliable, particularly for workloads with artificial intelligence. This makes it impossible to use the cloud for applications such as real-time forecasting of the stock market or driving autonomous vehicles.
Simplified maintenance: For companies that have no difficulty sending maintenance vehicles to the field, Micro Data Centers (µDC) are designed to maximize accessibility through modularity and a reasonable level of mobility. This product is a compact enclosure, some are small enough to fit in the back of a van, can only support enough servers to host important functions, and can be deployed closer to users.
Ecological device? There has always been an ecological appeal to the idea of distributing computing power to customers over a wider geographic area, as opposed to centralizing power in huge facilities and using fiber optic links.
Potential pitfalls of edge computing
Nevertheless, the world of computing, completely rebuilt from edge computing, is fantastic and distant like a world without oil. In the short term, edge computing models face significant obstacles, many of which are difficult to overcome.
Availability of the required power: Servers capable of providing remote cloud-like services to businesses regardless of location require large processors and in-memory data storage systems to support multiple locations. They will also need to be powered by three-phase electricity. And this is not impossible, but in rural areas it is difficult.
Switch to network slicing: To make the transition to 5G possible, carriers will need to generate additional revenue from edge computing, its form is currently regarded as the core driving force of 5G.
Telecom operators who will defend themselves from new entrants (customers). In order to use 5G radio access networks (RAN-Radio Access Networks) and the fiber optic cables connected to them for commercial services, individual customers need to set up gateways for passing the traffic of carriers.
What does “edge computing” mean?
In any communication network, the perimeter is the furthest point from the facilities and services provided to the customer. The edge is where servers can provide features as easily as possible to clients in the sense of edge computing.