According to the International Telecommunication Union (IoT), the Internet of Things (IoT) is “a global infrastructure for the information society, enabling advanced services by interconnecting objects (physical or virtual) through existing or evolving interoperable information and communication technologies. Let’s do it”. In reality, there is no fixed definition of what the Internet of Things is. It crosses the conceptual and technical dimensions.
From a conceptual point of view, the Internet of Things can characterize connected physical objects with unique digital identities and communicate with each other. This network somehow creat1es a bridge between the physical and virtual worlds.
From a technical point of view, IoT consists of direct and standardized digital identification of physical objects (IP address, SMTP protocol, HTTP…) via a wireless communication system, which can be an RFID chip, Bluetooth, or Wi-Fi.
Internet of Things: Applications and the Future
Connected objects generate large amounts of data, and storage and processing are part of what is known as big data. In the field of logistics, it can be a sensor used to track goods for inventory management and delivery. In the environmental field, sensors monitor air quality, temperature, noise level, building condition, and more.
The Internet of Things primarily works with sensors and connected objects classified as physical infrastructure. These sensors emit data that is fed back using a wireless network on the IoT platform. So, it can be analyzed and strengthened to make the most of it. These data management and data visualization platforms are new IoT solutions that allow domains, companies, or users to analyze data and draw conclusions to adjust practices and behavior.
The IoT phenomenon is also very well seen in the health and wellness sector with the development of connected watches, connected bracelets, and other sensors that monitor important constants. According to various forecasts (see Cisco and Gartner), the number of connected entities is expected to increase significantly over the years.
Is the IoT tightly connected to the network?
Yes! The Internet of Things consists of a set of heterogeneous networks that allow CES entities to communicate. Among the best known are the cellular networks of historic carriers that allow objects equipped with M2M SIM cards to track and transmit data. Fully advent, you can find LPWA networks including Lora and Sigfox. Long-distance low-speed networks are entirely dedicated protocols for communication between objects. However, other technologies such as narrowband or LTE-M are also used.
IoT is now considered a real service
“IoT as a Service” because it changes our use and significantly modifies access to the service. In the industrial sector, for example, it is now possible to remotely monitor machines, perform preventive maintenance of equipment, or improve performance. Product traceability. Every day connected objects generate billions of pieces of information that enable businesses to create new services.
The Internet of Things will literally change our society. This statement may seem utopian to you, but you have to see how things have evolved since the advent of smartphones or in real-time. It’s up to us to harness the potential of the Internet of Things and build on this technology that promises great things!