Allergy Symptoms In Various Forms
Our bodies are constantly confronting external enemies such as microbes, viruses and bacteria. To fight them, he has a powerful weapon-the immune system. Allergy is a failure of this system. Instead of defending us from real attacks, we do too much and start reacting to generally harmless foreign objects (allergens) (pollen, dust, food perfume, etc.). This reaction produces an allergy-specific antibody Ige (immunoglobulin E). Allergy is a worldwide disease that causes a variety of symptoms such as asthma, hay fever (rhinitis), conjunctivitis, eczema, hives, and allergic shock.
WHO estimates that 50% of the world’s population will be affected by all forms of allergy by 2050. Signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction vary and range from simple nasal discharge to potentially fatal anaphylactic shock. How to recognize them? What are these symptoms of food, skin and respiratory allergies and how do they react?
Symptoms of food allergy
Food allergies appear as an immediate reaction or within 1 to 2 hours after eating the food. It can be very serious or fatal! It can be moderate enough to be very dangerous when it comes to symptoms, and there is a serious risk.
- Facial swelling;
- Itching of the buccal pharynx;
- Respiratory discomfort;
- Abdominal pain, diarrhea;
- Loss of consciousness;
- Heart attack in extreme cases.
If you suspect an allergy to a particular food, it is absolutely necessary to consult an allergist. To do this, the allergist performs food skin tests, as well as certain blood tests. In one day hospital rescue, experts can go up to the reintroduction test of unpleasant food.
In the case of a proven food allergy, this food is definitely contraindicated and the patient should always have an emergency kit with an adrenaline pen in case of careless consumption of this allergen or in the presence of a hidden allergen.
Symptoms of skin allergy
There are many forms of skin allergy, and symptoms may vary depending on the time of the onset.
Hives: May be associated with food or drug allergies or Hymenoptera poison. Experts warned, “In this case, you need to be alert to avoid worsening symptoms due to facial swelling or severe anaphylaxis.”
Eczema: Appears as “dry spots or erythema with itching”.
Erythematous toxidermies: “This is the name of a series of skin lesions that are delayed due to drugs or allergens applied to the skin.
In such cases, you should consult an allergist to determine the allergen. During the consultation, a qualified healthcare professional will use patch tests to identify the drug in question and to determine if you have a contact allergy.
Symptoms of respiratory allergy
Several symptoms reflect respiratory allergies. The main is respiratory discomfort, manifested by wheezing or tightness in the rib cage, or a dry cough. In the context of sensitization to aero allergens (ticks, pollen, animal appendages, fungi), the following can occur:
- Rhinitis:Inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
- Conjunctivitis: Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye that turns red.
- Asthma: Respiratory tract inflammation.
If you have any of these types of symptoms, consulting an allergist can help determine the cause of the allergy through a skin test.